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    Environment Questions Asked in Prelims – Mains (2011-15)

    May 24, 2016 By Tamminedi Leave a Comment

    Table of Contents
    1 Prelims Questions From Previous Papers
    1.1 2011-2012
    1.2 2013
    1.3 2014
    1.4 2015
    2 Environment Based Questions asked under Geography GS I (2013-15)
    3 Environment Based Questions asked under GS III (2013-15)
    4 Geography Optional Mains Questions
    4.1 2015
    4.2 2013 and 2014
    4.3 2012
    4.4 2011

    Atomic Theory - Structure of an Atom

    Solved Environment Prelims Questions (2011-15)









    Environment Notes in PDF & Ms Word
    Prelims Questions From Previous Papers
    The questions from the previous 3-4 years’ prelims papers help us understand the nature of questions asked in prelims and the trend the UPSC is following.
    Don’t worry about the answers. Answer for each question with explanation is given under respective topics.
    Next post will have all the solved prelims questions with explanation.
    Environment is the high priority topic for prelims and can be studied in relatively less hours compared to other subjects [Very High Cost to Benefit Ration].

    I advise you to first go through the full notes before trying to understand these question.
    Q1. Which one of the following is not a site for in-situ method of conservation of flora?
    Biosphere Reserves
    Botanical Garden
    National Park
    Wildlife Sanctuary
    Q2. What is the difference between the antelopes Oryx and Chiru?
    Oryx is adapted to live in hot and arid areas whereas Chiru is adapted to live in steppes and semi-desert areas of cold high mountains. .
    Oryx is poached for its antlers whereas Chiru is poached for its musk.
    Oryx exists in western India only whereas Chiru exists in north-east India only.
    None of the statements a, b, and c given above is correct.
    Q3. Among the following States, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field ?
    Andhra Pradesh
    Arunachal Pradesh
    Madhya Pradesh
    Uttar Pradesh
    Q4. Consider the following:
    Black-necked crane
    Flying squirrel
    Snow leopard

    Which of the above are naturally found in India ?
    1, 2 and 3 only
    1, 3 and 4 only
    2 and 4 only
    1, 2, 3 and 4
    Q5. A sandy and saline area is the natural habitat of an Indian animal species. The animal has no predators in that area but its existence is threatened due to the destruction of its habitat. Which one of the following could be that animal?
    Indian wild buffalo
    Indian wild ass
    Indian wild boar
    Indian Gazelle
    Q6. Consider the following kinds of organisms

    Which of the above is/are pollinating agent/agents?
    1 and 2 only
    2 only
    1 and 3 only
    1, 2 and 3
    Q7. The ‘Red Data Books’ published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of
    Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots.
    Threatened plant and animal species.
    Protected sites for conservation of nature & natural resources in various countries.

    Which of the statement given above is/are correct ?
    1 & 3
    2 only
    2 & 3
    3 only
    Q8. Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species?
    Great Indian Bustard, Musk Deer, Red Panda and Asiatic Wild Ass
    Kashmir Stag, Cheetal, Blue Bull and Great Indian Bustard
    Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey and Saras (Crane)
    Lion-tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur and Cheetal
    Q9. The Himalayan Range is very rich in species diversity. Which one among the following is the most appropriate reason for this phenomenon?
    It has a high rainfall that supports luxuriant vegetative growth.
    It is a confluence of different bio geographical zones.
    Exotic and invasive species have not been introduced in this region.
    It has less human interference.
    Q10. If a tropical rain forest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. This is because
    the soil of rain forest is deficient in nutrients
    propagules of the trees in a rain forest have poor viability
    the rain forest species are slow-growing
    exotic species invade the fertile soil of rain forest.
    Q11. When the bark of a tree is removed in a circular fashion all around near its base, it generally dries up and dies because
    Water from soil cannot rise to aerial parts.
    Roots are starved of energy
    Tree is infected by soil microbes
    Roots do not receive oxygen for respiration
    Q12. Consider the following:
    Decay of organic matter
    Volcanic action

    Which of the above add carbon dioxide to the carbon cycle on Earth ?
    1 and 4 only
    2 and 3 only
    2,3 and 4 only
    1, 2, 3 and 4
    Q13. Consider the following statements: Chlorofluorocarbons, known as ozone-depleting substances, are used
    in the production of plastic foams
    in the production of tubeless tyres
    in cleaning certain electronic components
    as pressurizing agents in aerosol cans

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    1, 2 and 3 only
    4 only
    1, 3 and 4 only
    1, 2, 3 and 4

    Recently, the Rajasthan government has inaugurated the state’s second biological park ‘Machia Biological Park’ in Jodhpur. The new park will have a food store, cafeteria, interpretation centre, ticket window, visitors and service roads and will be opened for public in March 2016. The park is spread over 41 hectare and is the house of lions, tigers, jackals, hyenas, desert cats and desert foxes, etc.

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